As many organizations move to hybrid cloud infrastructures, hybrid cloud security has become a hot topic. This transition allows businesses to leverage the benefits of both cloud environments and on-premises setups combining the best of both worlds.
Yet, as hybrid cloud adoption grows, we're entering uncharted territory regarding security. The hybrid nature of these environments introduces previously unseen security challenges that must be addressed. At the same time, cyber threats are becoming more sophisticated, and attackers are targeting weak links in the system.
Hybrid cloud security definition
Hybrid cloud security refers to measures, practices, and technologies that protect data and applications in an infrastructure combining on-premises and public cloud services. Its main function is to ensure resource confidentiality, integrity, and availability across both setups.
Hybrid cloud setups pose security challenges because they combine the security concerns of both on-premises and cloud services.
Data protection is more complex in hybrid setups as data is scattered across multiple environments.
Cloud migration is challenging as organizations must ensure data security during the transition.
Hybrid cloud security risks can be addressed with unified access management.
Best practices for data encryption, security automation, regular security audits, and employee cybersecurity training are recommended best practices.
In a hybrid approach, network segmentation, firewalls, Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS), secure APIs, and MFA are essential for security.
Hybrid setups offer enhanced flexibility and various deployment options.
Let's dig deeper into the most pressing hybrid cloud security concerns and their potential solutions.
Hybrid cloud security issues and challenges
While it's true that hybrid cloud setups can be a lifesaver for businesses and bring many benefits, there's the flipside. Hybrid cloud setups make cybersecurity more difficult by combining the challenges of on-premises infrastructure and the cloud counterpart. That way, network administrators need to secure not only each component of the hybrid model but also ensure that the system is safe at the junctions from on-premise to the cloud.
As sensitive data is distributed across multiple cloud providers and joined with on-premise infrastructure, it must be protected at all stages of transfers. Access management also becomes more complex as organizations must consistently apply security policies across all environments. It isn't easy to achieve — legacy on-premise setups may not support sophisticated identity verification methods or can efficiently encrypt stored data.
Another challenge is endpoint security. In hybrid computing, endpoints, mobile devices and remote machines have direct access to the cloud environments. This expands the attack surface as hackers can target cloud networks directly and use weak endpoint security as an entry point into the company's network. To ward these threats off, organizations must also consider what security policies should be applied to endpoint security.
Cloud migration itself is also a serious security challenge. Organizations must map out appropriate data protection mechanisms when moving applications and data between cloud providers or on-premises and cloud environments. If they aren't implemented consistently, this can result in data breaches or losses.
Hybrid cloud security best practices
To address the security risks and challenges of hybrid cloud strategy effectively, there are some recommended strategies and measures that can be taken.
Unified access management
A unified access management system allows users to enjoy a seamless and consistent experience when accessing resources and applications across different cloud environments. They need to authenticate once, and the system handles the rest, providing single sign-on capabilities.
For network administrators, this provides a centralized approach to managing user identities, access rights, and authentication across various cloud environments and on-premises systems. It enables consistent enforcement of security policies, such as multifactor authentication and access controls, reducing the risk of unauthorized access and data breaches.
Encryption ensures that data transmitted or stored in the hybrid cloud remains secure and protected from unauthorized access. Plus, it provides an additional layer of security, safeguarding sensitive information in case of a data breach or data leak. That way, hackers could only retrieve encrypted data nodes, which would still be inaccessible, and, therefore, useless to them.
Many industries have strict data protection regulations, so sensitive information at rest and in transit must be encrypted to comply. So not only does this help to avoid penalties or legal fines, but it strongly improves an organization's cybersecurity position.
A hybrid cloud model often involves multiple environments and platforms, leading to inconsistencies in security controls. With security automation, some of these problems can be addressed and help to establish consistent security policies and controls across the infrastructure.
Security automation can also help to detect and respond to security threats in real-time. It enables businesses to continuously monitor their cloud and on-premise environments, analyze logs and identify potential security incidents promptly. This helps shorten the time span between the threat's detection and response.
Periodic security audits
Regular security audits can help identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses in the hybrid cloud infrastructure. This includes assessing potential risks associated with the on-premises and cloud components, such as misconfigurations, insecure APIs, outdated software, or inadequate access controls. Left unresolved, these issues can become a loophole for an attacker to gain entry into your network.
This approach helps to mitigate potential risks in a hybrid cloud environment and implement appropriate risk mitigation strategies. This can involve assessing data integrity, backup and recovery processes, disaster recovery plans, and incident response procedures.
Cybersecurity training raises employee awareness about potential risks and threats associated with the hybrid cloud environment. Your staff becomes more knowledgeable about the best practices for data protection, recognizing phishing attempts, securing access credentials and handling sensitive information. It's also more likely that educated staff is more likely to follow security protocols, reducing the risk of human error-related breaches.
In the long run, investing in cybersecurity training can result in cost savings. This is because financial repercussions associated with data loss, reputational damage, legal liabilities, and regulatory penalties can be avoided.
Hybrid cloud security architecture
Hybrid cloud systems security begins with physical access to servers that contain proprietary code, databases, storage files, records, archives, and more. Therefore, hybrid cloud architecture entails globally distributed hardware across multiple data centers. For network administrators, this means that they need to adopt policies to orchestrate access to internal resources securely.
Therefore, the architecture should incorporate the following elements:
By dividing the network into segments or subnets, organizations can separate different components of their hybrid cloud environment, like production systems, development environments, or sensitive data repositories. This helps to prevent unauthorized access and reduces the potential for lateral movement within the network.
With network segments, a smaller attack surface is left to attackers. Even if some segment is breached, network segmentation prevents them from easily moving laterally to other segments or compromising critical resources. This can help contain the potential breach's impact, limiting the exposure of sensitive data and critical systems.
Firewalls and Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS)
Firewalls and IDS should be deployed for public and private cloud environments to monitor and block unauthorized access attempts and potential security threats. As a barrier between incoming and outgoing network traffic, firewalls are essential for protecting the on-premises infrastructure and the cloud components from unauthorized access attempts.
Meanwhile, IDS systems monitor network and system activities for signs of malicious behavior or policy violations. They analyze network traffic patterns, log files, and system events to detect potential security incidents. This enables response to cyber threats in real-time, mitigating the risk of data breaches, unauthorized access, or other malicious activities within the hybrid cloud infrastructure.
APIs act as gateways for accessing and interacting with cloud services and resources. Incorporating security measures like authentication, authorization, and user roles ensures that only authorized users and applications can access hybrid cloud environments. This enforces security policies and prevents unauthorized access.
Hybrid cloud environments involve integrating multiple systems and platforms, both on-premises and in the cloud. Data transmitted between these systems must be encrypted and protected from interception. This also applies to APIs used to connect different cloud services.
Multifactor authentication (MFA)
MFA expands authentication with an extra layer of security to the authentication process by requiring users to provide multiple factors to verify their identity. Typically, these factors include something that the user knows (such as a password), something they have (such as a smartphone or token), or something they are (such as biometric data). By combining these factors, MFA significantly reduces the risk of unauthorized access, even if one factor is compromised.
Passwords are common targets for attackers due to weak security practices, reuse, or data breaches that leak them out in the open. MFA reduces an organization's reliance on passwords as the sole authentication mechanism, reducing these risks. Even with a compromised password, MFA prevents unauthorized access into the network.
Public vs. private vs. hybrid cloud
Cloud computing can take many shapes; no model's right for everyone. As such, several different cloud computing types and services have evolved to meet organizations' rapidly changing technology needs.
There are three different ways to deploy cloud services: on a public cloud, private cloud, or hybrid cloud.
The most prevalent type of cloud computing deployment is known as public cloud. Third-party cloud service providers own and operate servers and storage and deliver these resources over the internet. The cloud provider manages all the hardware, software and supporting infrastructure in this setup. Examples of public cloud include Google Workspace, Amazon Web Services (AWS), and Microsoft Entra ID (Azure AD).
Multiple organizations or tenants share the same hardware, storage and network devices within a public cloud environment. They're accessed via a web interface and are commonly used for web-based email, online office applications, storage, testing, and development environments.
Their main benefits include:
Lower costs. Public clouds eliminate the need to buy on-house hardware or software. The business is also paying only for the space they're actually using.
No maintenance. The service provider takes care of maintenance, meaning its clients can focus on other areas.
Limitless scalability. As resources are available on demand, business operations can be scaled up or down instantly.
High reliability. Huge infrastructure acts as a precaution against the chances of failure.
A private cloud is a collection of cloud resources that a single business or organization exclusively uses. It can be located within the organization's on-site data centre or hosted by a third-party service provider. Regardless of the physical location, the private cloud operates as a private network, with its services and infrastructures dedicated solely to the organization.
The main selling point of a private cloud is the ability to tailor and customize resources to meet specific organizations' needs. A high level of customization is relevant to government agencies, financial institutions, and other businesses operating under strict requirements or sensitive business operations. By maintaining a private cloud, these entities can exert greater control over their environment regarding hardware and software.
Private cloud advantages:
Flexibility. Organizations can customize their cloud environment according to specific business requirements.
Greater control. Resources aren't shared with others, enabling greater control and privacy.
Better stability. Private clouds can offer more in terms of scalability compared to on-premises infrastructure.
A hybrid cloud platform offers enhanced flexibility and various deployment options. With hybrid cloud computing, businesses can effortlessly expand their on-premises infrastructure to the public cloud when there is a fluctuation in computing and processing demand. This approach allows organizations to handle the excess workload without granting third-party data centers full access to their data.
In addition, resource scalability eliminates the need for substantial investments to manage short-term spikes in demand. It addresses situations where businesses must allocate local resources for more sensitive data or applications. Instead of purchasing, programming, and maintaining additional resources and equipment that might remain unused for extended periods, companies only pay for the temporary utilization of resources.
In short, hybrid cloud advantages are these:
Control. Your organization can retain a private infrastructure for handling sensitive assets or tasks that demand fast response times.
Flexibility. Additional resources from the cloud can be leveraged on demand.
Cost-efficiency. Organizations pay for only what they're using.
Simplicity. A hybrid approach allows organizations to gradually transition to a cloud model, migrating workloads over time.
How can NordLayer help?
NordLayer can be a helpful ally when securing hybrid cloud setups. Our solutions include a wide range of features that help to secure remote access and flexibly adapt to ever-changing business work environments.
IP address allow-listing, Site-to-Site tunnels and Smart Remote Access features enable network administrators to allow only NordLayer-using members to access their hybrid cloud resources while blocking everyone else. Single sign-on, multifactor authentication, and biometric authentication ensure that only credible members are allowed into your network perimeter. Centrally implemented security controls will help apply additional security policies consistently across all network environments.
Our suite makes applying best practices to a hybrid work environment easy. Contact our sales team today to learn more about our services and solutions.