The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, or HIPAA, is a federal statute enforced by the United States legislature. Its primary function is to uphold the integrity of health data. Any healthcare organization that stores, processes, or transmits protected health information (PHI) must meet HIPAA compliance requirements. PHI can take many forms, but its digital counterpart is ePHI — electronic Protected Health Information.
Since most modern healthcare organizations store patient data digitally, ePHI has become the primary private patient data archiving method. Failure to comply with HIPAA regulations can deal a devastating financial blow to many organizations and the recovery of business trust in customers’ eyes often can’t be amended.